Can You Buy a House While on Medicaid

Qualifying for a mortgage while receiving Medicaid may seem challenging, but it’s possible. Lenders may consider other factors, such as your income, debt, and credit history. Having a steady, reliable income is crucial. Lenders want to see that you can consistently make mortgage payments. A low debt-to-income ratio is also important. This shows that you have enough money left over each month to cover your mortgage payment. Finally, a good credit score is a sign that you are a responsible borrower. By meeting these criteria, you may be able to qualify for a mortgage even if you are receiving Medicaid.

Understanding Medicaid Eligibility Requirements

Medicaid is a health insurance program provided by the government that offers coverage to low-income individuals and families. Its eligibility is determined based on income, family size, and assets. To understand if you qualify for Medicaid, it is important to know the various factors that influence eligibility.

To qualify for Medicaid, individuals must meet specific income and asset limits. These limits vary between states and can change periodically. It is essential to check with your local Medicaid office for the most up-to-date information on eligibility requirements.

Income Limits

  • Medicaid eligibility is based on modified adjusted gross income (MAGI).
  • MAGI is calculated using the same rules as those used to determine eligibility for the Affordable Care Act marketplace subsidies.
  • MAGI includes wages, salaries, self-employment income, and certain non-taxable income.

Asset Limits

  • Medicaid also considers assets when determining eligibility.
  • Assets include things like bank accounts, investments, and real estate.
  • Asset limits vary by state, but generally include a primary residence and a vehicle.

Besides income and asset limits, other factors may affect Medicaid eligibility, including age, disability status, pregnancy status, and family composition. Additional information and assistance in applying for Medicaid can be obtained by contacting your local Medicaid office or visiting the official Medicaid website.

Medicaid Eligibility in Different Groups

GroupIncome Limit
Individuals138% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL)
Families138% of the FPL
Children138% of the FPL
Pregnant Women138% of the FPL
Elderly and Disabled100% of the FPL

Medicaid and Homeownership: Assessing Income and Asset Limits

Owning a home is a significant financial goal for many individuals and families. However, if you receive Medicaid benefits, you may wonder if homeownership is a viable option for you. This article delves into the relationship between Medicaid eligibility and homeownership, explaining the income and asset limits that apply to Medicaid recipients who wish to purchase a home.

Eligibility Criteria: Income and Asset Limits

Medicaid eligibility is determined based on both income and assets. To qualify for Medicaid, your income must fall below a certain threshold, which varies depending on your state and household size. Similarly, your assets, including cash, stocks, bonds, and real estate (excluding your primary residence), must also be below a certain limit.

It’s important to note that Medicaid has different eligibility criteria for different categories of recipients, such as families with children, pregnant women, and individuals with disabilities. Therefore, the specific income and asset limits that apply to you will depend on your circumstances.

Homeownership and Medicaid Eligibility

Generally, owning a home does not disqualify you from receiving Medicaid benefits. However, there are a few things to keep in mind:

  • Primary Residence Exemption: The value of your primary residence is typically exempt from Medicaid’s asset limits. This means that as long as you live in the home, its value will not affect your Medicaid eligibility.
  • Equity Limits: Some states may have equity limits for homeownership. This means that the amount of equity you have in your home (the difference between the home’s value and the amount you owe on your mortgage) may impact your Medicaid eligibility.
  • Changes in Income and Assets: Purchasing a home may affect your income and assets, which could potentially impact your eligibility for Medicaid. It’s crucial to carefully consider these changes before making a decision to buy a home.

Steps to Take Before Buying a Home

If you’re considering buying a home while receiving Medicaid, it’s essential to take the following steps:

  1. Verify Eligibility: Contact your state Medicaid office to confirm your current eligibility status and understand any specific requirements or limitations that may apply to homeownership.
  2. Consult a Financial Advisor: Seek advice from a financial advisor or counselor who specializes in Medicaid and homeownership. They can help you assess your financial situation and determine if buying a home is a feasible goal.
  3. Consider Long-Term Implications: Think about the long-term implications of homeownership, including ongoing expenses like mortgage payments, property taxes, and maintenance costs. Ensure you can afford these expenses while still maintaining your Medicaid eligibility.
  4. Explore Financing Options: Research different mortgage options available to Medicaid recipients. Some lenders may offer specialized programs or assistance for homebuyers with low incomes.


Buying a home while receiving Medicaid is possible, but it requires careful planning and consideration. By understanding the income and asset limits that apply to you, consulting with experts, and exploring available financing options, you can make an informed decision about homeownership while maintaining your Medicaid benefits.

Income and Asset Limits for Medicaid Eligibility: A Summary Table

Income and Asset Limits for Medicaid Eligibility
CategoryIncome LimitAsset Limit
Families with ChildrenVaries by stateVaries by state
Pregnant WomenVaries by stateVaries by state
Individuals with DisabilitiesVaries by stateVaries by state

Note: The income and asset limits provided in the table are approximate and may vary depending on your specific circumstances and state regulations. Always consult your state Medicaid office or a qualified financial advisor for accurate information.

Navigating Medicaid Waivers and Exceptions

Navigating Medicaid Waivers and Exceptions: While Medicaid generally has asset limits that can affect homeownership, there are certain waivers and exceptions that can help individuals overcome these challenges:

  • Medicaid Waivers:
    • Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) Waivers: These waivers allow states to provide long-term care services to individuals in their own homes or community settings. HCBS waivers can include services such as personal care, homemaker services, and respite care.
    • Asset Limits Waivers: Some states have asset limits waivers that allow individuals to own a home while receiving Medicaid benefits. These waivers are typically available to individuals who meet certain criteria, such as having a disability or being over a certain age.
  • Medicaid Exceptions:
    • Spousal Impoverishment Protection: This exception allows a spouse to retain certain assets, including a home, while the other spouse receives Medicaid benefits.
    • Inherited Assets: In some states, individuals can inherit assets, such as a home, without affecting their Medicaid eligibility.
    • Personal Needs Allowance: Individuals receiving Medicaid benefits are allowed to keep a certain amount of money and property for personal needs, including a home.
Medicaid Waivers and Exceptions for Homeownership
Waiver/ExceptionPurposeEligibility Criteria
HCBS WaiversTo provide long-term care services in a home or community settingVary by state; typically require a disability or age-related condition
Asset Limits WaiversTo allow individuals to own a home while receiving Medicaid benefitsVary by state; typically have income and asset limits
Spousal Impoverishment ProtectionTo allow a spouse to retain assets, including a home, while the other spouse receives Medicaid benefitsVary by state; typically require a married couple with one spouse receiving Medicaid
Inherited AssetsTo allow individuals to inherit assets, such as a home, without affecting their Medicaid eligibilityVary by state; may have limits on the value of inherited assets
Personal Needs AllowanceTo allow individuals receiving Medicaid benefits to keep a certain amount of money and property for personal needs, including a homeVaries by state; typically has a limit on the amount of assets that can be kept

Buying a House While on Medicaid

Medicaid is a government-sponsored health insurance program that covers low-income individuals and families. Medicaid eligibility is based on income, resources, and family size. Medicaid is not a barrier to buying a home, but it can make the process more challenging.

Challenges of Buying a House While on Medicaid

  • Income Limits: Medicaid eligibility is based on income, and income limits vary from state to state. If your income is too high to qualify for Medicaid, you may find it difficult to get a mortgage.
  • Asset Limits: Medicaid also has asset limits, which vary from state to state. If your assets are too high, you may find it difficult to qualify for Medicaid.
  • Estate Recovery: Medicaid is a last-resort payer, which means that the government can recover the cost of your Medicaid benefits from your estate after you die.

Securing Alternative Financing Options

Despite the challenges, owning a home while on Medicaid is still possible. There are a number of alternative financing options available to people on Medicaid, including:

  • VA Loans: VA loans are mortgages that are guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs. VA loans are available to veterans, active-duty military members, and eligible surviving spouses.
  • FHA Loans: FHA loans are mortgages that are insured by the Federal Housing Administration. FHA loans have lower credit score and down payment requirements than conventional loans.
  • USDA Rural Development Loans: USDA Rural Development Loans are mortgages that are available to people who live in rural areas. USDA Rural Development Loans have low interest rates and no down payment requirements.
  • Home Equity Loans and Lines of Credit (HELOCs): Home equity loans and HELOCs are loans that are secured by the equity in your home.
  • Private Lenders: Private lenders may be willing to make loans to people on Medicaid, but these loans typically have higher interest rates and fees than loans from traditional lenders.

Additional Tips for Buying a Home While on Medicaid

  1. Save Up for a Down Payment: Having a down payment will help you get a lower interest rate on your mortgage and will also help you avoid paying private mortgage insurance (PMI).
  2. Improve Your Credit Score: A good credit score will also help you get a lower interest rate on your mortgage.
  3. Shop Around for the Best Mortgage Rate: It’s important to shop around for the best mortgage rate before you apply for a loan. You can use a mortgage calculator to compare rates from different lenders.
  4. Get Pre-Approved for a Mortgage: Getting pre-approved for a mortgage will give you a better idea of how much you can afford to borrow.
  5. Work with a Real Estate Agent: A real estate agent can help you find a home that meets your needs and budget.
Loan Comparison Table
Type of LoanInterest RateCredit Score RequirementDown Payment Requirement
VA Loan
2.5% – 4%
0% – 10%
FHA Loan
2.75% – 5%
3.5% – 10%
USDA Rural Development Loan
1% – 3%
Home Equity Loan or HELOC
3% – 8%
0% – 10%
Private Loan
5% – 10%
Depends on lender
Depends on lender

Thanks for sticking with me until the end! I know this was a lot of information to take in. But hey, you made it! Now you know more about buying a house while on Medicaid than most people. If you have any more questions, feel free to drop me a line. And be sure to check back later for even more insights and tips on homeownership. In the meantime, keep dreaming of that perfect house. Who knows, it might be closer than you think!